Different types of equalizer filters and their uses.
Equalizer it’s a piece of gear or software used to shape the tone of the sound
it’s considered to be the mixing and mastering engineer best tool
Today, the equalizer has so may types like the parametric, paragraphic, graphics equalizer, etc.
whichever you use they have different types of equalizer filters
Examples of paragraphic equalizer is the waves “Q” series.
A typical example of the parametric equalizer is the waves SSL equalizer or the pro tools Eq3
While the graphic equalizer example are the cubase GEQ-10/GEQ-30
Now that we are familiar with some types of equalizer, it’s time to dive
into the concept of this tutorial which is the Different types of equalizer filters and their uses,
This filter consists of high pass filter (HPF), low shelf filter, bell filter. Low pass filter (LPF),
and low shelf filter and Peak or Bell filter.
These are the different types of equalizer filters I will be teaching you on how to use.
1, High pass filter or HPF for short, Is an effect of the equalizer when
engaged or enable cuts everything at a specific point to the lowest part of
the music spectrum,
for example if my hpf is engaged or enable on
100hz automatically everything below the 100hz will be rolled off as its
name implies it’s a filter that allows only the highs region to pass through
without being affected
you can set the shape of roll-off gently or aggressively depends on your choice 6db 12db, 24db, 36db octave
Nevertheless, you can start to experiment with different types of equalizer
Understanding Different Types of equalizer filters
2, low shelf filter is almost like the hpf but this type of filter lowers or
boosts the point it’s engaged with till the lower region. Say for example
If we to decides to lower or boost the bass region without a complete cut we use the low shelf filter to do the magic
3, The Bell or Peak filter is also used to dip or boost frequency around where it is set.
The bell/peak filter has a very special parameter called the “Q” factor this function allows you to narrow or widen your cut or boost.
Say for example we notice a honky sound in our element and we need to engage or activate
our equalizer around 1k, for example, we can dip or cut some
decibels out and with the aid of the Q factor we can narrow the cut
In general, when cutting you need a narrow Q factor and when
boosting it’s better to use a wider Q factor, so many different types of equalizer filters operates differently
3, The low pass filter is the opposite of the high pass filter, this filter is used to cut off anything above where it’s set.
For example, if it’s set around 12k automatically everything above the 12k region will be rolled out,
5, High shelf, it’s also the opposite of low shelf but in the opposite direction,
It allows you to lower or increase the sound at any given point set towards the high region of the sound spectrum.
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